Useful dental hygiene tips

"Useful Dental Hygiene Tips."

What is Good Oral Hygiene?

• Your teeth are clean and free of debris

• Gums are pink and do not hurt or bleed when you brush or floss

• Bad breath is not a constant problem

If your gums do hurt or bleed while brushing or flossing, or you are experiencing persistent bad breath, see your dentist. Any of these conditions may indicate a problem.


Plaque is a sticky, colourless deposit of bacteria that is constantly forming on the tooth surface. Saliva, food, and fluids combine to produce these deposits that collect on teeth and where teeth and gums meet. The build-up of plaque can trap stains on the teeth, and it is also the primary factor in gum problems. Fighting plaque is a life-long part of good dental hygiene. Plaque can also lead to the development of cavities, which further weaken your teeth.


Tartar, also called calculus, is a crusty deposit that can trap stains on the teeth and cause discolouration. Calcium and phosphate bind to form crystals on the teeth. These calcium phosphate crystals eventually harden within plaque, forming calculus. Certain types of chemicals called pyrophosphates help to decrease calculus build-up by stopping the growth of crystals on the tooth surface. Dental Hygiene tips for Prevention Plaque and tartar do not affect everyone in the same way; for many of us, these deposits build up faster as we age, meaning the older you get, the more closely you have to monitor your dental hygiene routine. There are, however, several ways in which you can protect your teeth from the build-up of plaque and tartar.

1. Have your teeth cleaned professionally every six months, or more frequently recommended by your dentist or hygienist.

2. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, each time for 2 minutes.

3. Clean between your teeth with floss and interdental brushes at least once a day.

4. Use a mouth wash

5. Use disclosing tablets

6. Have a good tooth friendly diet.


• Tooth pastes Brushing with toothpastes, which contain sodium hexametaphosphate, a pyrophosphate specially formulated to not only inhibit calculus, but also loosen and break the bonds of extrinsic stains and act as a protective barrier to prevent future stains

• Tooth brush Choose a toothbrush with a small brush head and a bristle design that helps you to get to the hard-to-reach places of your mouth. Your toothbrush should have soft bristles that are gentle on your teeth and gums.

Floss: Gum problems begin at the gum line and between teeth. Daily flossing is an important part of your oral health care routine to help remove the plaque from these areas where a toothbrush doesn’t completely reach. Wind 18 inches of floss around middle fingers of each hand. Pinch floss between thumbs and index fingers, leaving a one- to two-inch length in between. Use thumbs to direct floss between upper teeth. Use index fingers to guide floss between contacts of the lower teeth. Gently guide floss between the teeth by using a zig-zag motion. DO NOT SNAP FLOSS BETWEEN YOUR TEETH. Contour floss around the side of the tooth. Just make sure that you floss all your teeth, including the back side of the very last tooth on the left, right, top and bottom of your mouth. And don’t forget to floss under the gum line and along the sides of teeth that border any spaces where teeth are missing -- food particles can become trapped in these spaces, too. If you wear braces or other dental appliances, proper flossing technique is especially important to avoid getting floss caught on wires or brackets. You can use special orthodontic floss, which has a stiff end that can be easily threaded under the main wire (also called the arch wire) on your braces. Or you can purchase a floss threader, which is a flexible device with a pick on one end and a loop on the other. Many people who suffer from sensitive or bleeding gums may be tempted to avoid flossing for fear of making their bleeding gums worse. But in fact, flossing can improve the health of your gums, thereby helping to prevent them from bleeding.

Mouth wash

A mouthwash does not replace a regular oral hygiene routine of twice-daily tooth brushing and daily flossing. The main function of most mouthwashes is to freshen breath, although if you suffer from severe chronic bad breath (halitosis), some types of mouthwash, such as fluoride rinses, can help protect teeth against acids produced by plaque bacteria if you use them after you have thoroughly brushed and floss your teeth. And your dentist may prescribe a specific mouth rinse if you are recovering from a fungal infection or gum problems.

To help choose the right rinse, keep these points in mind:

1. Alcohol. Alcohol is a component of many mouthwashes and rinses, which can be problematic if a large quantity is deliberately swallowed. If you want to buy one type of mouthwash or rinse for the whole family, and your household includes school-aged children or teens, you may want to choose from among the alcohol-free mouthwash products that are available. Also, some recovering alcoholics avoid mouthwash with alcohol because of the potential for abuse.

2. Sensitivity. Some people find the ingredients in mouthwash irritating, especially people who have sensitive gums. Also, people who don’t usually complain of sensitive gums may find that their mouths are more sensitive for a short time if they are recovering from a dental procedure. If you have a sensitive mouth, consider an alcohol-free mouth wash.

3. Plaque control. If you want a mouthwash that not only helps control bad breath but also helps to prevent plaque buildup on the teeth, look for a dental rinse that contains anti-plaque ingredients.

Have you successfully removed plaque after brushing and flossing your teeth?

You may actually see some food particles, but you may not see the plaque, which is sticky but colorless. Using a plaque-disclosing product can help to identify areas of your teeth that you’ve missed after completing your oral care routine. Plaque disclosing products contain a harmless dye that reacts with the plaque that may remain on areas of the teeth after cleaning. When you see the dyed areas, you can identify trouble spots to focus on when you brush and floss properly. Before using a plaque-disclosing product, brush and floss your teeth as usual.

Good Diet

Food and drinks containing sugar cause decay. Foods such as cheese, fruit, nuts and vegetables are better for your teeth. Cut down on how often you have sugary foods and drinks. Smoking can cause tooth staining, tooth loss, mouth cancer and make gum disease worse. If you smoke, you may need to visit the dentist or hygienist more often, but the best advice is to try to give up. Alcoholic drinks can also cause mouth cancer and if you smoke and drink you're more at risk. Some alcoholic drinks contain a lot of sugar, and some mixed drinks may contain acids. So they can cause decay or erosion if you drink them often and in large amounts. Dental erosion is the loss of enamel caused by acid attack. When the enamel is worn away it can lead to pain and sensitivity. Try to keep acidic food and drinks to meal times and drink acidic drinks through a straw. We recommend that you do not brush your teeth for at least one hour after eating or drinking acidic food or beverages. Instead use a fluoride mouth wash after you have rinsed your mouth with plain water to harden the enamel on your teeth which have become softer for a short while and have lost some of its mineral content. Chew sugar-free gum - it makes your mouth produce more saliva and stops your mouth drying out, and can help to prevent dental decay and erosion.

Preventive dental Care:

Preventive dental care is a joint effort between you, your dentist and hygienist. Keep up a good routine at home to keep your teeth and gums healthy. Visit your dentist regularly, as often as they recommend.

At Caspian Dental Clinic, we have a preventive approach. We are Caspian, We are simply excellent and our patients’ testimonials are the proof of it.

We are pleased to use the following in our treatments